Kuttand is a region in Alappuzha with geography very similar to that in Holland (Netherlands) . Here the farming is done in paddy fields that are about two meters below sea level. The fields are covered with water during offseason, during the season the water is removed using water wheels and paddy is sown. Its the only part of India where below-sea-level farming is practiced.
..According to renowned agriculture scientist Dr. M S Swaminathan, “We should develop Kuttanad into a globally important agriculture heritage site, as 150 years ago, the farmers started below-sea-level farming here. The method was developed by farmers and not by scientists and hence it was a heritage site.. .
The Kuttanad region is categorised into: Lower Kuttanad Upper Kuttanad North Kuttanad .... .
Lower Kuttanadu includes taluks of Ambalapuzha taluk, Kuttanadu (excluding Edathua, Thalavady and Muttar, and the northern half of Karthikapally taluk in Alappuzha district)... .
Upper Kuttanad includes Veeyapuram and Pallippad in Karthikapally taluk, Edathua, Thalavady, Kidangara and Muttar in Kuttanad taluk; Chennithala village in Mavelikkara, Mannar, Kuruttissery, Budhanur, Ennakkad villages in Chengannur taluk of Alappuzha district; and Parumala, Kadapra, Niranam, Pulikeezhu, Peringara, Chathenkeri, Nedumpuram, villages of Thiruvalla in Pathanamthitta district. North Kuttanad includes Vaikom taluk, western parts of Kottayam taluk, and western parts of Changanacherry taluk in Kottayam district... ...